Chimeric symbionts expressing a Wolbachia protein stimulate mosquito immunity and inhibit filarial parasite development

Sara Epis, Ilaria Varotto-Boccazzi, Elena Crotti, Claudia Damiani, Laura Giovati, Mauro Mandrioli, Marco Biggiogera, Paolo Gabrieli, Marco Genchi, Luciano Polonelli, Daniele Daffonchio, Guido Favia, Claudio Bandi

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wolbachia can reduce the capability of mosquitoes to transmit infectious diseases to humans and is currently exploited in campaigns for the control of arboviruses, like dengue and Zika. Under the assumption that Wolbachia-mediated activation of insect immunity plays a role in the reduction of mosquito vectorial capacity, we focused our attention on the Wolbachia surface protein (WSP), a potential inductor of innate immunity. We hypothesized that the heterologous expression of this protein in gut- and tissue-associated symbionts may reduce parasite transmission. We thus engineered the mosquito bacterial symbiont Asaia to express WSP (AsaiaWSP). AsaiaWSP induced activation of the host immune response in Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes, and inhibited the development of the heartworm parasite Dirofilaria immitis in Ae. aegypti. These results consolidate previous evidence on the immune-stimulating property of WSP and make AsaiaWSP worth of further investigations as a potential tool for the control of mosquito-borne diseases.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCommunications Biology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2020

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