Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and image analysis (IA) were applied to characterize and quantify biofouling of hollow fiber ultrafiltration membranes in the OBM (ozonation, biofiltration and membrane filtration) process for drinking water treatment. Membrane fibers in a test unit were collected for analysis of the biofouling at different fluxes (i.e. 50, 60 and 70Lm-2h-1) based on structural parameters (i.e. porosity, bio-volume, thickness) and components (i.e. cells, polysaccharide, protein). The calculated porosity of the biofouling could be correlated to the membrane permeability. Although the biomass volume of polysaccharide was generally less than for protein at low flux (i.e. 50Lm-2h-1), carbohydrate biomass volume showed a better correlation to membrane permeability.
- Drinking water
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation