Chain geometry, solution aggregation and enhanced dichroism in the liquid-crystalline conjugated polymer poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene)

M. Grell, D. D.C. Bradley, X. Long, T. Chamberlain, M. Inbasekaran, E. P. Woo, M. Soliman

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Abstract

We report on the physical characterization of a dioctyl-substituted polyfluorene, both in solution and in the solid state. We focus on studies of chain geometry both by molecular modeling and by gel permeation chromatography coupled with light scattering. We determine experimentally a Kuhn segment length, Lk = 17.1 ±2.1 nm and a characteristic ratio Co, = 21.5 ±4.3 indicative of a stiff polymer chain. The effects on absorption and emission spectra of intermolecular interactions that lead to gelation or precipitation from solution are reported. We discuss these results in the context of the strong current interest in the nature of aggregation phenomena and their role in controlling the emissive properties of conjugated polymers. We further show that a markedly enhanced dichroism can be achieved through suitable control of the polymer microstructure. © WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH 1998.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalActa Polymerica
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

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