Catalytic oxidative conversion of cellulosic biomass to formic acid and acetic acid with exceptionally high yields

Jizhe Zhang, Miao Sun, Xin Liu, Yu Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct conversion of raw biomass materials to fine chemicals is of great significance from both economic and ecological perspectives. In this paper, we report that a Keggin-type vanadium-substituted phosphomolybdic acid catalyst, namely H4PVMo11O40, is capable of converting various biomass-derived substrates to formic acid and acetic acid with high selectivity in a water medium and oxygen atmosphere. Under optimized reaction conditions, H4PVMo11O40 gave an exceptionally high yield of formic acid (67.8%) from cellulose, far exceeding the values achieved in previous catalytic systems. Our study demonstrates that heteropoly acids are generally effective catalysts for biomass conversion due to their strong acidities, whereas the composition of metal addenda atoms in the catalysts has crucial influence on the reaction pathway and the product selectivity. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-82
Number of pages6
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume233
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis

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