Catalytic combustion of natural gas over supported platinum: flow reactor experiments and detailed numerical modeling

Tami C. Bond*, Ryan A. Noguchi, Cheng Pang Chou, Rajiv K. Mongia, Jyh Yuan Chen, Robert W. Dibble

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A numerical model of catalytic combustion of natural gas over supported Pt was constructed based on the well-accepted CHEMKIN chemical kinetics formalism for gas-phase and surface chemistry. To support the model development, a research combustor was built presented are measured and modeled axial profiles of temperature, fuel conversion, and pollutant emissions for natural-gas combustion over platinum catalysts supported on ceramic honeycomb monoliths. NOx emissions are below 1 ppm, and CO is observed at ppm levels. The data are taken at several lean equivalence ratios and flow rates. Fuel conversion rates occur in two regimes: a low, constant conversion rate and a higher conversion rate that increases linearly with equivalence ratio. The agreement of the numerical model with the measured data is good at temperatures below 900 K; above this temperature, fuel conversion is underpredicted by as much as a factor of two. The predicted surface ignition temperatures agree well with the measured values. Results from the numerical model indicate that the fractional conversion rate of fuel has a linear dependence on the fraction of available surface reaction sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper)
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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