The design of polyimide-based pseudo-interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) is proposed to tailor the molecular structure of polymeric precursors for fabricating carbon molecular sieve membranes (CMSMs). To demonstrate the feasibility of this concept, pseudo-IPNs comprising of poly(2,3,5,6-phenylene-2, 2′-bis(3,4-carboxylphenyl)hexafluoropropane) diimide (6FDA-TMPDA) and 2,6-bis(4-azidobenzylidene)-4-methylcyclohexanone (azide) are used to fabricate CMSMs. The gas transport properties of CMSMs are dependent on the azide loading and heat treatment temperature. During the pyrolysis, two competing processes of pore evolution from the released gases and molecular transformation are occurring simultaneously. The creation of pores determines the structural morphology of the CMSM at a low pyrolysis temperature of 550 °C while the molecular rearrangement is the governing factor for carbonization at an elevated temperature of 800 °C. The CMSMs prepared at 550 °C display good CO2/N2 separation performance. The 6FDA-TMPDA/azide (90-10) CMSM pyrolyzed at 550 °C shows a CO2 permeability of 9290 ± 170 Barrer and an ideal CO2/N2 selectivity of 26.0 ± 0.8. CMSMs with high CO2/CH4 selectivity can be fabricated by carbonization at 800 °C. The 6FDA-TMPDA/azide (70-30) CMSM prepared at 800 °C has a CO2 permeability of 280 ± 7.0 Barrer and CO2/CH4 selectivity of 164 ± 6.0. The CMSMs derived from polyimide/azide pseudo-IPNs exhibit potential use in pre- and post-combustion CO2 capture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)