Carbon Dioxide Capture Adsorbents: Chemistry and Methods

Hasmukh A. Patel, Jeehye Byun, Cafer T. Yavuz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Excess carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their inevitable consequences continue to stimulate hard debate and awareness in both academic and public spaces, despite the widespread lack of understanding on what really is needed to capture and store the unwanted CO2. Of the entire carbon capture and storage (CCS) operation, capture is the most costly process, consisting of nearly 70 % of the price tag. In this tutorial review, CO2 capture science and technology based on adsorbents are described and evaluated in the context of chemistry and methods, after briefly introducing the current status of CO2 emissions. An effective sorbent design is suggested, whereby six checkpoints are expected to be met: cost, capacity, selectivity, stability, recyclability, and fast kinetics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1303-1317
Number of pages15
JournalChemSusChem
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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