Bromination of Graphene: A New Route to Making High Performance Transparent Conducting Electrodes with Low Optical Losses

Ahmed Mansour, Sukumar Dey, Aram Amassian, Minas H. Tanielian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The unique optical and electrical properties of graphene have triggered great interest in its application as a transparent conducting electrode material and significant effort has been invested in achieving high conductivity while maintaining transparency. Doping of graphene has been a popular route for reducing its sheet resistance, but this has typically come at a significant cost in optical transmission. We demonstrate doping of few layers graphene with bromine as a means of enhancing the conductivity via intercalation without major optical losses. Our results demonstrate the encapsulation of bromine leads to air-stable transparent conducting electrodes with five-fold improvement of sheet resistance reaching at the cost of only 2-3% loss of optical transmission. The remarkably low tradeoff in optical transparency leads to the highest enhancements in the figure of merit reported thus far for FLG. Furthermore, we tune the workfunction by up to 0.3 eV by tuning the bromine content. These results should help pave the way for further development of graphene as a potential substitute to transparent conducting polymers and metal oxides used in optoelectronics, photovoltaics and beyond.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17692-17699
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 4 2015

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