BMP-2 functionalized PEDOT:PSS-based OECTs for stem cell osteogenic differentiation monitoring.

Francesco Decataldo, Victor Druet, Anna-Maria Pappa, Ellasia Tan, Achilleas Savva, C. Pitsalidis, Sahika Inal, Ji-Seon Kim, Beatrice Fraboni, Roisin Owens, D. Iandolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stem cell osteogenic differentiation is a complex process, associated with a number of events such as the secretion of collagen type I, osteopontin, osteonectin, osteocalcin and Bone Morphogenic Protein 2 (BMP-2). These molecules can be used as markers to monitor stem cell fate while studying the effects of a specific osteogenic differentiation treatment (e.g. electrical stimulation). Currently available techniques, such as the evaluation of the expression levels of specific genes and end-point biochemical assays, do not allow real-time monitoring of cellular processes, therefore overlooking potentially interesting information. This study explores a promising functionalization strategy towards on-line electrical monitoring of stem cell osteogenic differentiation process, using an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) to detect cytokines of interest, secreted by cells during the osteogenic differentiation process, such as BMP-2. In this work, antibodies against BMP-2 were anchored on the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene (PEDOT:PSS) sulfonate gate electrode of an OECT. The biofunctionalization process was evaluated using multiple techniques such as Atomic Force Microscopy, Electrochemical Raman Spectroscopy, Quartz crystal microbalance. Electrode properties were assessed by running chronoamperometric studies, as well as by characterizing the PEDOT:PSS thin film resistance to ion flow by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and OECT performance using transient (AC) measurements. Finally, a proof-of-concept, biosensor measurement was performed to test our functionalization strategy for sensing, proving that the antibody-functionalized OECTs were able to detect recombinant BMP-2 at levels that are comparable to those used for in vitro stimulation of bone regeneration via soluble osteoinductive factors.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)044006
JournalFlexible and Printed Electronics
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2019

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