Atomic-Monolayer Two-Dimensional Lateral Quasi-Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors with Resonant Tunneling Phenomenon

Che-Yu Lin, Xiaodan Zhu, Shin-Hung Tsai, Shiao-Po Tsai, Sidong Lei, Ming-yang Li, Yumeng Shi, Lain-Jong Li, Shyh-Jer Huang, Wen-Fa Wu, Wen-Kuan Yeh, Yan-Kuin Su, Kang L. Wang, Yann-Wen Lan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-frequency operation with ultra-thin, lightweight and extremely flexible semiconducting electronics are highly desirable for the development of mobile devices, wearable electronic systems and defense technologies. In this work, the first experimental observation of quasi-heterojunction bipolar transistors utilizing a monolayer of the lateral WSe2-MoS2 junctions as the conducting p-n channel is demonstrated. Both lateral n-p-n and p-n-p heterojunction bipolar transistors are fabricated to exhibit the output characteristics and current gain. A maximum common-emitter current gain of around 3 is obtained in our prototype two-dimensional quasi-heterojunction bipolar transistors. Interestingly, we also observe the negative differential resistance in the electrical characteristics. A potential mechanism is that the negative differential resistance is induced by resonant tunneling phenomenon due to the formation of quantum well under applying high bias voltages. Our results open the door to two-dimensional materials for high-frequency, high-speed, high-density and flexible electronics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11015-11023
Number of pages9
JournalACS Nano
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2017

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