The bottleneck between the processing elements and memory is the biggest issue contributing to the scalability problem in computing. In-memory computation is an alternative approach that combines memory and processor in the same location, and eliminates the potential memory bottlenecks. Associative processors are a promising candidate for in-memory computation, however the existing implementations have been deemed too costly and power hungry. Approximate computing is another promising approach for energyefficient digital system designs where it sacrifices the accuracy for the sake of energy reduction and speedup in error-resilient applications. In this study, approximate in-memory computing is introduced in memristive associative processors. Two approximate computing methodologies are proposed; bit trimming and memristance scaling. Results show that the proposed methods not only reduce energy consumption of in-memory parallel computing but also improve their performance. As compared to other existing approximate computing methodologies on different architectures (e.g., CPU, GPU, and ASIC), approximate memristive in-memory computing exhibits better results in terms of energy reduction (up to 80x) and speedup (up to 20x) on a variety of benchmarks from different domains when quality degradation is limited to 10% and it confirms that memristive associative processors provide a highly-promising platform for approximate computing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machineryacmhelp@acm.org|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2017|