Anisotropic Growth of Al-Intercalated Vanadate by Tuning Surface Hydrophilicity for High-Rate Zn Ion Storage

Hao Wu, Fangwang Ming, Yongjiu Lei, Wenli Zhang, Husam N. Alshareef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aqueous zinc ion battery (ZIB) cathodes with high rate performance are still lacking due to the sluggish kinetics of Zn2+ insertion. Here, preferential two dimensional (2D) spreading surface is constructed on conductive carbon paper supports by disclosing hierarchical porous structures. The unique surface hydrophilicity enables anisotropic growth of layered Al-intercalated vanadate nanobelts with high-aspect ratios. As a cathode of ZIB, the pre-intercalated vanadate nanobelts with a large interlayer spacing (1.38 nm) exhibit high specific capacities and excellent rate performance (534 and 221 mA h g-1 at 1 and 20 A g-1, respectively). Moreover, chemically resistant HfO2 layers have been applied by atomic layer deposition to prevent effectively the cathode from degradation, leading to an outstanding cycling stability (88% retention at 1000 cycle). The anisotropic growth of 2D electrode materials by tuning the surface hydrophilicity provides an effective pathway for designing improved electrode materials for various energy storage technologies.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSmall Structures
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2020

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