Analysis of flame propagation and autoignition for a lifted nitrogen-diluted hydrogen turbulent jet flame in a vitiated coflow

Don Frederick, Andrew North, Jyh Yuan Chen, Robert Dibble, Andrea Gruber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stabilizing mechanism of a lifted jet flame is thought to be controlled by either autoignition, flame propagation, or a combination of the two. Experimental data for a turbulent hydrogen diluted with nitrogen jet flame in a vitiated coflow at atmospheric pressure, demonstrates distinct stability regimes where a jet flame is either attached, lifted, lifted-unsteady, or blown out. A 1-D parabolic RANS model is used, where turbulence-chemistry interactions are modeled with the joint scalar-PDF approach, and mixing is modeled with the Linear Eddy Model. The model only accounts for autoignition as a flame stabilization mechanism. However, by comparing the local turbulent flame speed to the local turbulent mean velocity, maps of regions where the flame speed is greater than the flow speed are created, which allow an estimate of lift-off heights based on flame propagation. Model results for the attached, lifted, and lifted-unsteady regimes show that the correct trend is captured. Additionally, at lower coflow equivalence ratios flame propagation appears dominant, while at higher coflow equivalence ratios autoignition appears dominant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFall Technical Meeting of the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011, WSS/CI 2011 Fall Meeting
PublisherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute
Pages170-180
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781618393043
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
EventFall Technical Meeting of the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011, WSS/CI 2011 - Riverside, United States
Duration: Oct 17 2011Oct 18 2011

Publication series

NameFall Technical Meeting of the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011, WSS/CI 2011 Fall Meeting

Other

OtherFall Technical Meeting of the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011, WSS/CI 2011
CountryUnited States
CityRiverside
Period10/17/1110/18/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering

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