Amplification of Chirality through Self-Replication of Micellar Aggregates in Water

Konstantin Bukhriakov, Sarah Almahdali, Valentin Rodionov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a system in which the self-replication of micellar aggregates results in a spontaneous amplification of chirality in the reaction products. In this system, amphiphiles are synthesized from two "clickable" fragments: a water-soluble "head" and a hydrophobic "tail". Under biphasic conditions, the reaction is autocatalytic, as aggregates facilitate the transfer of hydrophobic molecules to the aqueous phase. When chiral, partially enantioenriched surfactant heads are used, a strong nonlinear induction of chirality in the reaction products is observed. Preseeding the reaction mixture with an amphiphile of one chirality results in the amplification of this product and therefore information transfer between generations of self-replicating aggregates. Because our amphiphiles are capable of catalysis, information transfer, and self-assembly into bounded structures, they present a plausible model for prenucleic acid "lipid world" entities. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2931-2935
Number of pages5
JournalLangmuir
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2015

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