Amidoxime porous polymers for CO2 capture

Sonia Zulfiqar, Sehrish Awan, Ferdi Karadas, Mert Atilhan, Cafer T. Yavuz, Muhammad Ilyas Sarwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

CO2 capture from fossil fuel based electricity generation remains costly since new power plants with monoethanol amine (MEA) as the scrubbing agent are under construction. Amidoximes are known to mimic MEA, and porous polymers with amidoximes could offer a sustainable solution to carbon capture. Here we report the first amidoxime porous polymers (APPs) where aromatic polyamides (aramids) having amidoxime pendant groups were synthesized through low temperature condensation of 4,4′-oxydianiline (ODA) and p-phenylene diamine (p-PDA) with a new type of nitrile-bearing aromatic diacid chloride. The nitrile pendant groups of the polyamides were converted to an amidoxime functionality by a rapid hydroxylamine addition (APP-1 and APP-2). The CO2 adsorption capacities of these polyamides were measured at low pressure (1 bar) and two different temperatures (273 and 298 K) and high pressure (up to 225 bar-the highest measuring pressure to date) at 318 K. The low pressure CO2 uptake of APP-1 was found to be 0.32 mmol g -1 compared with APP-2 (0.07 mmol g-1) at 273 K, whereas at high pressure they showed a substantial increase in CO2 adsorption capacity exhibiting 24.69 and 11.67 mmol g-1 for APP-1 and APP-2 respectively. Both aramids were found to be solution processable, enabling membrane applications. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17203-17213
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Volume3
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 14 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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