Alumina supported tungsten hydrides, new efficient catalysts for alkane metathesis

Mostafa Taoufik, Erwan Le Roux, Jean Thivolle-Cazat, Christophe Copéret, Jean-Marie Maurice Basset*, Barry Maunders, Glenn J. Sunley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Silica and alumina supported tantalum and tungsten hydrides were tested in alkane metathesis, for comparison of their catalytic properties. In propane metathesis [W]-H/Al2O3 proves to be twice more efficient than the usual [Ta]-H/SiO2 catalyst which is still better than [Ta]-H/Al2O3 and [W]-H/SiO2. Tungsten based catalysts lead to a narrower distribution in the products selectivity and to a higher amount of linear products than [Ta]-H/SiO2. [W]-H/Al 2O3 is also a better catalyst than [Ta]-H/SiO2 for butane metathesis but is less efficient with ethane. Whereas the results in the case of propane or butane can involve the higher initial activity and a lower deactivation of the tungsten catalyst, in the case of ethane, mechanistic or kinetic aspects can be envisaged in particular concerning the difficulty to dehydrogenate ethane into ethylene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Volume40
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Alkanes
  • Catalysis
  • Hydride
  • Metathesis
  • Tantalum
  • Tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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