Aldehyde functionalized graphene oxide frameworks as robust membrane materials for pervaporative alcohol dehydration

Dan Hua, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Yu Zhang, Tai Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

To glue the graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets more firmly and to fabricate more stable GO membranes for long-term applications, three types of graphene oxide framework (GOF) membranes have been molecularly constructed via the aldehyde-functionalization of GO and a pressure assisted ultrafiltration method. The resultant GOF membranes not only possess GO/aldehyde covalent bonds but also display adjustable microstructural properties, confirmed by FTIR, XPS, XRD and positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS). All aldehyde modified GOF membranes exhibited much improved separation performance for ethanol dehydration via pervaporation, as compared with the pristine GO membrane. The GOF membranes were also tested for the dehydration of ethanol, isopropanol, and n-butanol at different feed temperatures. Excellent separation performance at 60 °C for n-butanol dehydration was obtained with a high flux of 2593 g m−2 h−1and the water concentration in permeate of 99.7 wt%. Importantly, the pervaporation stability of GOF membranes at a relatively high temperature was investigated for the first time. The membranes performed well for the dehydration of alcohols at 60 °C within a long period of 160–200 h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-349
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume161
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Alcohol dehydration
  • Aldehyde
  • Graphene oxide framework (GOF)
  • Membrane
  • Pervaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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