Adsorption Desalination: A Novel Method

Kim Choon Ng, Ibrahim I. El-Sharkawy, Bidyut Baran Saha, Anutosh Chakraborty

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The search for potable water for quenching global thirst remains a pressing concern throughout many regions of the world. The demand for new and sustainable sources and the associated technologies for producing fresh water are intrinsically linked to the solving of potable water availability and hitherto, innovative and energy efficient desalination methods seems to be the practical solutions. Quenching global thirst by adsorption desalination is a practical and inexpensive method of desalinating the saline and brackish water to produce fresh water for agriculture irrigation, industrial, and building applications. This chapter provides a general overview of the adsorption fundamentals in terms of adsorption isotherms, kinetics, and heat of adsorption. It is then being more focused on the principles of thermally driven adsorption desalination methods. The recent developments of adsorption desalination plants and the effect of operating conditions on the system performance in terms of specific daily water production and performance ratio are presented. Design of a large commercial adsorption desalination plant is also discussed herein.
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationMembrane and Desalination Technologies
    PublisherSpringer Nature
    Pages391-431
    Number of pages41
    ISBN (Print)9781588299406
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 15 2010

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