The enhanced enantiomeric separation of racemic phenylalanine solution has been demonstrated by the membrane-based chiral resolution method using an acetylated β-cyclodextrin-immobilized cellulose dialysis membrane. β-Cyclodextrin (CD) was first immobilized onto the surface of commercial cellulose dialysis membranes, followed by the acetylation reaction through the treatment of the membranes with acetic anhydride to form the chiral selective acetylated β-cyclodextrin-immobilized cellulose dialysis membrane. The acetylated CD-immobilized membrane exhibits enantioselectivity in the range of 1.26-1.33 depending on the acetylation time. The improvement in enantioselectivity after acetylation was mainly attributed to the better discrimination ability of acetylated CD and the decrease in membrane pore size. Molecular modeling simulations indicate that the acetylation of hydroxyl groups would result in a CD conformation with torus distortions and would create higher steric hindrance for penetrants. As a result, compared to the original CD, the acetylated CD may have less effective binding but better discrimination of enantiomers. The energy drop is only 3 kcal/mol between different enantiomers before and after the binding of phenylalanine with an unmodified CD. The energy drop increases to 10 kcal/mol if acetylated CD is employed as the chiral selector, showing stronger characteristics for chiral selection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry