Ab initio study of Cr substitution for Co in the Heusler alloy Co2CrAl: Half-metallicity and adjustable magnetic moments

Hongzhi Luo*, Li Ma, Zhiyong Zhu, Guangheng Wu, Heyan Liu, Jingping Qu, Yangxian Li

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    36 Scopus citations


    The effect of doping on the half-metallicity and magnetism of Co2-xCrxCrAl (x=0-1) alloys was studied by full-potential linearized-augmented plane wave (FLAPW) calculations. With increasing Cr content, a transition from the half-metallic ferromagnet (HMF) to the half-metallic completely compensated ferrimagnet (HMCCF, also called half-metallic antiferromagnet) is observed. The calculations indicate that Co2-xCrxCrAl alloys are half-metallic within the whole range studied. Substitution of Cr for Co leads to a large antibonding peak above EF in the majority-spin band, but still keeps the energy gap in the minority-spin band. The size of the gap is mainly determined by the density of states (DOS) of atoms at the (A, C) sites. With increasing Cr content, the total spin moment decreases linearly from 3μB/f.u. to zero, which obeys the Slater-Pauling curve quite well. The spin moment of Cr at the C site is antiferromagnetically aligned with the magnetic moments of the Cr (B) and the Co atoms. This antiferromagnetic coupling causes a monotonic decrease of the total magnetic moment.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1797-1802
    Number of pages6
    JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
    Issue number10-11
    StatePublished - May 1 2008


    • Electronic structure
    • Half-metallicity
    • Heusler alloy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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