The impact of introducing a realistic orographic forcing into a uniform- and variable-resolution stretched-grid GCM dynamical core is investigated by performing long-term and medium range integrations. Comparisons are made between various stretched-grid simulations and a control that consists of a uniform grid integration at high resolution. These comparisons include those where the orography has and has not been filtered to eliminate small-scale noise. Results from the region of interest with highest resolution show that 1) the stretched-grid GCM provides an efficient downscaling over the area of interest, that is, it properly simulates not only large-scale but also mesoscale features: and 2) the introduction of orography has a greater impact than the effect of stretching. Results presented here suggest that dynamical core integrations with both uniform and stretched grids should consider orographic forcing as an integral part of the model dynamics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Monthly Weather Review|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atmospheric Science