A technological roadmap to the ammonia energy economy: Current state and missing technologies

Natalia Sanchez Morlanes, Sai P. Katikaneni, Stephen N. Paglieri, Aadesh Harale, Bandar Solami, Mani Sarathy, Jorge Gascon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ammonia is considered a key energy carrier with potential applications for low carbon energy storage, transportation and power generation. This carbon-free molecule offers several advantages, including high energy density and a well-established production and distribution infrastructure that have been optimized for over a century. In this perspective, we analyze the potential roles of ammonia as an energy carrier, and summarize research areas requiring further development for the implementation of ammonia as a building block in the global low-carbon energy landscape. Ammonia technologies are reviewed with an emphasis on current limitations and recent advances. Focus is placed on available technologies for ammonia synthesis, decomposition into COx-free hydrogen and direct use of ammonia for power generation and transportation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127310
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

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