In the present paper we consider a 1D Poisson model characterized by the presence of an interface, where a transmission condition arises due to jumps of the coefficients. We aim at studying finite element methods with meshes not fitting such an interface. It is well known that when the mesh does not fit the material discontinuities the resulting scheme provides in general lower order accurate solutions. We focus on so-called embedded approaches, frequently adopted to treat fluid-structure interaction problems, with the aim of recovering higher order of approximation also in presence of non fitting meshes; we implement several methods inspired by: the Immersed Boundary method, the Fictitious Domain method, and the Extended Finite Element method. In particular, we present four formulations in a comprehensive and unified format, proposing several numerical tests and discussing their performance. Moreover, we point out issues that may be encountered in the generalization to higher dimensions and we comment on possible solutions.