A primer of statistical methods for correlating parameters and properties of electrospun poly( l -lactide) scaffolds for tissue engineering-PART 2: Regression

Rasoul Seyedmahmoud, Pamela Mozetic, Alberto Rainer, Sara Maria Giannitelli, Francesco Basoli, Marcella Trombetta, Enrico Traversa, Silvia Licoccia, Antonio Rinaldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This two-articles series presents an in-depth discussion of electrospun poly-l-lactide scaffolds for tissue engineering by means of statistical methodologies that can be used, in general, to gain a quantitative and systematic insight about effects and interactions between a handful of key scaffold properties (Ys) and a set of process parameters (Xs) in electrospinning. While Part-1 dealt with the DOE methods to unveil the interactions between Xs in determining the morphomechanical properties (ref. Y1-4), this Part-2 article continues and refocuses the discussion on the interdependence of scaffold properties investigated by standard regression methods. The discussion first explores the connection between mechanical properties (Y4) and morphological descriptors of the scaffolds (Y1-3) in 32 types of scaffolds, finding that the mean fiber diameter (Y1) plays a predominant role which is nonetheless and crucially modulated by the molecular weight (MW) of PLLA. The second part examines the biological performance (Y5) (i.e. the cell proliferation of seeded bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells) on a random subset of eight scaffolds vs. the mechanomorphological properties (Y1-4). In this case, the featured regression analysis on such an incomplete set was not conclusive, though, indirectly suggesting in quantitative terms that cell proliferation could not fully be explained as a function of considered mechanomorphological properties (Y1-4), but in the early stage seeding, and that a randomization effects occurs over time such that the differences in initial cell proliferation performance (at day 1) is smeared over time. The findings may be the cornerstone of a novel route to accrue sufficient understanding and establish design rules for scaffold biofunctional vs. architecture, mechanical properties, and process parameters.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-114
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 2014

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