A Polymorphic Azobenzene Cage for Energy-Efficient and Highly Selective p -Xylene Separation

Basem Moosa, Lukman Olawale Alimi, Aleksander Shkurenko, Aliyah Fakim, Prashant Bhatt, Gengwu Zhang, Mohamed Eddaoudi, Niveen M. Khashab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Developing the competence of molecular sorbents for energy-saving applications, such as C8 separations, requires efficient, stable, scalable, and easily recyclable materials that can readily transition to commercial implementation. Herein, we report an azobenzene-based cage for the selective separation of p-xylene isomer across a range of C8 isomers in both vapor and liquid states with selectivity that is higher than the reported all-organic sorbents. The crystal structure shows non-porous cages that are separated by p-xylene molecules through selective CH–π interactions between the azo bonds and the methyl hydrogen atoms of the xylene molecules. This cage is stable in solution and can be regenerated directly under vacuum to be used in multiple cycles. We envisage that this work will promote the investigation of the azo bond as well as guest-induced crystal-to-crystal phase transition in non-porous organic solids for energy-intensive separations.

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