A PHY Layer Security Analysis of a Hybrid High Throughput Satellite with an Optical Feeder Link

Elmehdi Illi, Faissal El Bouanani, Fouad Ayoub, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hybrid terrestrial-satellite (HTS) communication systems have gained a tremendous amount of interest recently due to the high demand for global high data rates. Conventional satellite communications operate in the conventional Ku (12 GHz) and Ka (26.5-40 GHz) radio-frequency bands for assessing the feeder link, between the ground gateway and the satellite. Nevertheless, with the aim to provide hundreds of Mbps of throughput per each user, free-space optical (FSO) feeder links have been proposed to fulfill these high data rates requirements. In this paper, we investigate the physical layer security performance for a hybrid very high throughput satellite communication system with an FSO feeder link. In particular, the satellite receives the incoming optical wave from an appropriate optical ground station, carrying the data symbols of N users through various optical apertures and combines them using the selection combining technique. Henceforth, the decoded and regenerated information signals of the N users are zero-forcing (ZF) precoded in order to cancel the interbeam interference at the end-users. The communication is performed under the presence of malicious eavesdroppers nodes at both hops. Statistical properties of the signal-to-noise ratio of the legitimate and wiretap links at each hop are derived, based on which the intercept probability metric is evaluated. The derived results show that above a certain number of optical apertures, the secrecy level is not improved further. Also, the system’s secrecy is improved using ZF precoding compared to the no-precoding scenario for some specific nodes’ positions. All the derived analytical expressions are validated through Monte Carlo simulations.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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