A new family of human histone deacetylases related to Saccharomyces cerevisiae HDA1p

Wolfgang Fischle, Stephane Emiliani, Michael J. Hendzel, Takahiro Nagase, Nobuo Nomura, Wolfgang Voelter, Eric Verdin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

199 Scopus citations

Abstract

Histone deacetylases are the catalytic subunits of multiprotein complexes that are targeted to specific promoters through their interaction with sequence-specific DNA-binding factors. We have cloned and characterized a new human cDNA, HDAC-A, with homology to the yeast HDA1 family of histone deacetylases. Analysis of the predicted amino acid sequence of HDAC-A revealed an open reading frame of 967 amino acids containing two domains: a NH2-terminal domain with no homology to known proteins and a COOH-terminal domain with homology to known histone deacetylases (42% similarity to RPD3, 60% similarity to HDA1). Three additional human cDNAs with high homology to HDAC-A were identified in sequence data bases, indicating that HDAC-A itself is a member of a new family of human histone deacetylases. The mRNA encoding HDAC-A was differentially expressed in a variety of human tissues. The expressed protein, HDAC-Ap, exhibited histone deacetylase activity and this activity mapped to the COOH-terminal region (amino acids 495-967) with homology to HDA1p. In immunoprecipitation experiments, HDAC-A interacted specifically with several cellular proteins, indicating that it might be part of a larger multiprotein complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11713-11720
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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