A new A-site excessive strategy to improve performance of layered perovskite cathode for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Yang Yang, Yonghong Chen*, Dong Tian, Xiaoyong Lu, Yanzhi Ding, Weili Yu, Lin Bin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new A-site excessive strategy is reported to improve performance of layered perovskite cathode for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). A new A-site excessive Gd1+xBa1+xCo2O5+δ layered perovskite is investigated as cathode materials for IT-SOFCs. With an excess of A-site content, the crystal lattice and the thermal expansion coefficient increase slightly. The oxygen nonstoichiometry (δ) increases, while the oxygen vacancy decreases by defect chemistry analysis. A-site excessive Gd1.05Ba1.05Co2O5+δ (GBC1.05) is well compatible with Gd0.2Ce0.8O2-δ at 1000 °C for 10 h. The electrical conductivity of GBC1.05 increases dramatically owing to the higher concentration of electron hole and the lower oxygen vacancy concentration. The electrochemical performance towards oxygen reduction reaction can be enhanced from 0.246 Ω cm2 to 0.146 Ω cm2 by introducing A-site excessive content of Gd and Ba. Consequently, GBC1.05 cathode exhibits a good cell performance of 830 mW cm−2 at 800 °C, indicating that A-site excessive Gd1.05Ba1.05Co2O5+δ layered perovskite is a potential cathode material for IT-SOFCs due to its high electrochemical performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-693
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume231
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2017

Keywords

  • A-site excess
  • Cathode
  • Layered perovskite
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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