The growth of cavitation bubble nuclei in a metastable state in liquid argon, as one of cryogenic fluids, was investigated using a Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation with a Nosé-Hoover chain thermostat. We observed rapid growth of bubble nuclei with weak inter-bubble interaction in the early stage, while observed a competing coarsening that looks like Ostwald ripening in the late stage and its growth exponent n became 0.51. We compared the present MD result with that in an adiabatic simulation (Energy-constant MD without any thermostats), and the influence of the field temperature was discussed. Also, we compared the present MD results with a coarsening theory for droplets, and discussed the characteristics of the coarsening mechanism of bubble nuclei. Copyright © 2011 by ASME.