A hot probe setup for the measurement of Seebeck coefficient of thin wires and thin films using integral method

Sarath Kumar Santhakumari Amma Ravindran Nair, S. Kasiviswanathan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experimental setup is developed for the measurement of the Seebeck coefficient of thin wires and thin films in the temperature range of 300-650 K. The setup makes use of the integral method for measuring the Seebeck voltage across the sample. Two pointed copper rods with in-built thermocouples serve as hot and cold probes as well as leads for measuring the Seebeck voltage. The setup employs localized heating and enables easy sample loading using a spring loaded mounting system and is fully automated. Test measurements are made on a constantan wire and indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film for illustration. The Seebeck voltage obtained for constantan wire is in agreement with the NIST data for copper constantan couple with an error of 1%. The calculated carrier concentration of ITO film from the Seebeck coefficient measurement is comparable with that obtained by electrical transport measurements. The error in the Seebeck coefficient is estimated to be within 3%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024302
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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