The highest-performing colloidal quantum dot (CQD) photovoltaics (PV) reported to date have relied on high-temperature (>500°C) annealing of electron-accepting TiO 2. Room-temperature processing reduces energy payback time and manufacturing cost, enables flexible substrates, and permits tandem solar cells that integrate a small-bandgap back cell atop a low-thermal-budget larger-bandgap front cell. Here we report an electrode strategy that enables a depleted-heterojunction CQD PV device to be fabricated entirely at room temperature. We find that simply replacing the high-temperature-processed TiO 2 with a sputtered version of the same material leads to poor performance due to the low mobility of the sputtered oxide. We develop instead a two-layer donor-supply electrode (DSE) in which a highly doped, shallow work function layer supplies a high density of free electrons to an ultrathin TiO 2 layer via charge-transfer doping. Using the DSE we build all-room-temperature-processed small-bandgap (1 eV) colloidal quantum dot solar cells having 4% solar power conversion efficiency and high fill factor. These 1 eV bandgap cells are suitable for use as the back junction in tandem solar cells. The DSE concept, combined with control over TiO 2 stoichiometry in sputtering, provides a much-needed tunable electrode to pair with quantum-size-effect CQD films. © 2011 American Chemical Society.