A decentralized water/electricity cogeneration system integrating concentrated photovoltaic/thermal collectors and vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation

Qian Chen, Muhammad Burhan, Faheem Akhtar, Doskhan Ybyraiymkul, Muhammad Wakil Shahzad, Yong Li, Kim Choon Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cogeneration of electricity and freshwater by integrating photovoltaic/thermal collectors and desalination systems is one of the most promising methods to tackle the challenges of water and energy shortage in remote areas. This study investigates a decentralized water/electricity cogeneration system combining concentrated photovoltaic/thermal collectors and a vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation system. The merits of such a configuration include high compactness and improved thermodynamic efficiency. To evaluate the long-term production potential of the proposed system, a thermodynamic analysis is firstly conducted. Under the climatic conditions of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, the system can convert ∼70% of the solar irradiance into useful energy. The annual productivity of electricity and distilled water are 562 kWh and 5.25 m3, respectively, per m2 of the solar collector area. Electricity and water production rates are found to be impacted by hot water flowrate, feed seawater flowrate and heat storage tank dimension, while the overall exergy efficiency stabilizes at 25-27%. Based on the production rates, an economic analysis is conducted through life-cycle cost analysis. The final desalination cost is calculated to be $0.7-4.3/m3, depending on the solar collector cost and the electricity price. The derived results will enable a more in-depth understanding of the proposed solar-driven water/electricity cogeneration system.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120852
JournalEnergy
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Pollution

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A decentralized water/electricity cogeneration system integrating concentrated photovoltaic/thermal collectors and vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this