10H-1,9-diazaphenothiazine and its 10-derivatives: synthesis, characterisation and biological evaluation as potential anticancer agents

Beata Morak-Młodawska, Krystian Pluta, Małgorzata Latocha, Małgorzata Jeleń, Dariusz Kuśmierz, Kinga Suwińska, Aleksander Shkurenko, Zenon Czuba, Magdalena Jurzak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

10H-1,9-diazaphenothiazine was obtained in the sulphurisation reaction of diphenylamine with elemental sulphur and transformed into new 10-substituted derivatives, containing alkyl and dialkylaminoalkyl groups at the thiazine nitrogen atom. The 1,9-diazaphenothiazine ring system was identified with advanced 1H and 13C NMR techniques (COSY, NOESY, HSQC and HMBC) and confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis of the methyl derivative. The compounds exhibited significant anticancer activities against the human glioblastoma SNB-19, melanoma C-32 and breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell lines. The most active 1,9-diazaphenothiazines were the derivatives with the propynyl and N, N-diethylaminoethyl groups being more potent than cisplatin. For those two compounds, the expression of H3, TP53, CDKN1A, BCL-2 and BAX genes was detected by the RT-QPCR method. The proteome profiling study showed the most probable compound action on SNB-19 cells through the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. The 1,9-diazaphenotiazine system seems to be more potent than known isomeric ones (1,6-diaza-, 1,8-diaza-, 2,7-diaza- and 3,6-diazaphenothiazine).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1306
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2019

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