Basic principles including chemical equilibrium, Arrhenius law, and Rankine-Hugoniot relations will be first discussed. Multi-component conservation equations with chemical reaction will be introduced. Various characteristics of premixed and diffusion flames will be studied which covers flame structure, flame stability, flame stabilization, flammability limit, quenching distance, and thermal explosion. Combustion phenomena in gas turbines, gasoline engines, diesel engines and power plants will be discussed. A matched asymptotic expansion technique will be introduced and applied in analyzing flame structures.